M.SC., Ph.D.,

Contact Details

Lecturer
Martin Ryan Building
NUI Galway
T: 091 492271
E: robin.raine@nuigalway.ie
 
researcher
 

Biography

Dr. Robin Raine has been researching marine  Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in Irish waters for over 20 years.   these blloms cause enormous economic hardship to the shellfish production industry.  He has developed hypotheses and models for the onset of toxic dinoflagellate blooms around the Irish coastline, particularly for the important aquaculture production areas of  southwest Ireland and Cork Harbour.  Between 2003 and 2010  he has been involved in GEOHAB (Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms, the SCOR-IOC-UNESCO project on harmful algae), being nominated onto the GEOHAB Scientific Steering Committee in 2003 and becoming its chairman in 2006.


This work has developed from an over-riding interest in the relationship between phytoplankton dynamics and physical oceanography in waters overlying the continental shelf.

Peer Reviewed Journals

  Year Publication
(2016) 'Distribution, occurrence and biotoxin composition of the main shellfish toxin producing microalgae within European waters: A comparison of methods of analysis'
McNamee, SE,Medlin, LK,Kegel, J,McCoy, GR,Raine, R,Barra, L,Ruggiero, MV,Kooistra, WHCF,Montresor, M,Hagstrom, J,Blanco, EP,Graneli, E,Rodriguez, F,Escalera, L,Reguera, B,Dittami, S,Edvardsen, B,Taylor, J,Lewis, JM,Pazos, Y,Elliott, CT,Campbell, K (2016) 'Distribution, occurrence and biotoxin composition of the main shellfish toxin producing microalgae within European waters: A comparison of methods of analysis'. Harmful Algae, 55 :112-120 [DOI] [Details]
(2015) 'Anthropogenic influence on sediment transport in the Whittard Canyon, NE Atlantic'
Wilson, AM,Kiriakoulakis, K,Raine, R,Gerritsen, HD,Blackbird, S,Allcock, AL,White, M (2015) 'Anthropogenic influence on sediment transport in the Whittard Canyon, NE Atlantic'. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 101 :320-329 [DOI] [Details]
(2015) 'Nepheloid layer distribution in the Whittard Canyon, NE Atlantic Margin'
Wilson, AM,Raine, R,Mohn, C,White, M (2015) 'Nepheloid layer distribution in the Whittard Canyon, NE Atlantic Margin'. Marine Geology, 367 :130-142 [DOI] [Details]
(2015) 'Evolution of the MIDTAL microarray: the adaption and testing of oligonucleotide 18S and 28S rDNA probes and evaluation of subsequent microarray generations with Prymnesium spp. cultures and field samples'
McCoy, GR,Touzet, N,Fleming, GTA,Raine, R (2015) 'Evolution of the MIDTAL microarray: the adaption and testing of oligonucleotide 18S and 28S rDNA probes and evaluation of subsequent microarray generations with Prymnesium spp. cultures and field samples'. Environmental Science And Pollution Research, 22 :9704-9716 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Monitoring a toxic bloom of Alexandrium minutum using novel microarray and multiplex surface plasmon resonance biosensor technology'
McCoy, GR,McNamee, S,Campbell, K,Elliott, CT,Fleming, GTA,Raine, R (2014) 'Monitoring a toxic bloom of Alexandrium minutum using novel microarray and multiplex surface plasmon resonance biosensor technology'. Harmful Algae, 32 :40-48 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Harmful Algal Blooms in Stratified Systems'
Raine, R. Berdalet, E., McManus, M and Hidekatsu, H. (2014) 'Harmful Algal Blooms in Stratified Systems'. Deep-Sea Research Ii, 101 :1-3 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Phased cell division, specific division rates and other biological observations of Dinophysis populations in sub-surface layers off the south coast of Ireland'
Farrell, H,Velo-Suarez, L,Reguera, B,Raine, R (2014) 'Phased cell division, specific division rates and other biological observations of Dinophysis populations in sub-surface layers off the south coast of Ireland'. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies In Oceanography, 101 :249-254 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'An assessment of RNA content in Prymnesium parvum, Prymnesium polylepis, cf. Chattonella sp and Karlodinium veneficum under varying environmental conditions for calibrating an RNA microarray for species detection'
McCoy, GR,Kegel, JU,Touzet, N,Fleming, GTA,Medlin, LK,Raine, R (2014) 'An assessment of RNA content in Prymnesium parvum, Prymnesium polylepis, cf. Chattonella sp and Karlodinium veneficum under varying environmental conditions for calibrating an RNA microarray for species detection'. Fems Microbiology Ecology, 88 :140-159 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Tidal and wind-event variability and the distribution of two groups of Pseudo-nitzschia species in an upwelling-influenced Ria'
Diaz, PA,Ruiz-Villarreal, M,Velo-Suarez, L,Ramilo, I,Gentien, P,Lunven, M,Fernand, L,Raine, R,Reguera, B (2014) 'Tidal and wind-event variability and the distribution of two groups of Pseudo-nitzschia species in an upwelling-influenced Ria'. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies In Oceanography, 101 :163-179 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'A review of the biophysical interactions relevant to the promotion of HABs in stratified systems: The case study of Ireland'
Raine, R (2014) 'A review of the biophysical interactions relevant to the promotion of HABs in stratified systems: The case study of Ireland'. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies In Oceanography, 101 :21-31 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Vertical and horizontal controls of a haptophyte thin layer in the Bay of Biscay, France'
Farrell, H,Gentien, P,Fernand, L,Lazure, P,Lunven, M,Youenou, A,Reguera, B,Raine, R (2014) 'Vertical and horizontal controls of a haptophyte thin layer in the Bay of Biscay, France'. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies In Oceanography, 101 :80-94 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Phased cell division and other biological observations in Dinophysis populations in sub-surface layers off the southwest coast of Ireland'
Hazel Farrell, H., Velo-Suarez, L., Reguera, B. and R. Raine (2014) 'Phased cell division and other biological observations in Dinophysis populations in sub-surface layers off the southwest coast of Ireland'. Deep Sea Research, 101 :249-254 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'A review of the biophysical interactions relevant to the promotion of HABS in stratfied systems: the case study of Ireland'
Raine, R. (2014) 'A review of the biophysical interactions relevant to the promotion of HABS in stratfied systems: the case study of Ireland'. Deep Sea Research, 101 (1):21-31 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Tidal and wind-event variability and the distribution of two groups of Pseudo-nitzschia species in an upwelling-influenced Ría'
Díaz, P.A., Ruiz-Villarreal, M., Velo-Suárez, L., Ramilo, I., Gentien, P., Lunven, M., Fernand, L., Raine, R. and B. Reguera. (2014) 'Tidal and wind-event variability and the distribution of two groups of Pseudo-nitzschia species in an upwelling-influenced Ría'. Deep-Sea Research Ii, 101 :163-179 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Vertical and horizontal controls of a haptophyte thin layer in the Bay of Biscay, France'
Farrell, H., Gentien, P., Fernand, L., Lazure, P., Lunven, M., Youenou, A., Reguera, B. and R. Raine. (2014) 'Vertical and horizontal controls of a haptophyte thin layer in the Bay of Biscay, France'. Deep-Sea Research Ii, 101 :80-94 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'The influence of bloom intensity on the encystment rate and persistence of Alexandrium minutum in Cork Harbor, Ireland'
Cosgrove, S,Rathaille, AN,Raine, R (2014) 'The influence of bloom intensity on the encystment rate and persistence of Alexandrium minutum in Cork Harbor, Ireland'. Harmful Algae, 31 :114-124 [DOI] [Details]
(2013) 'Megacities and Large Urban Agglomerations in the Coastal Zone: Interactions Between Atmosphere, Land, and Marine Ecosystems'
on Glasow, R,Jickells, TD,Baklanov, A,Carmichael, GR,Church, TM,Gallardo, L,Hughes, C,Kanakidou, M,Liss, PS,Mee, L, Raine, R, Ramachandran, P, Ramesh, R,Sundseth, K,Tsunogai, U,Uematsu, M,Zhu, T (2013) 'Megacities and Large Urban Agglomerations in the Coastal Zone: Interactions Between Atmosphere, Land, and Marine Ecosystems'. Ambio, 42 (1):13-28 [Details]
(2013) 'An evaluation of the applicability of microarrays for monitoring toxic algae in Irish coastal waters'
McCoy, GR,Touzet, N,Fleming, GTA,Raine, R (2013) 'An evaluation of the applicability of microarrays for monitoring toxic algae in Irish coastal waters'. Environmental Science And Pollution Research, 20 :6751-6764 [DOI] [Details]
(2013) 'MIDTAL (Microarrays for the Detection of Toxic Algae)'
Medlin, LK,Montresor, M,Graneli, E,Reugera, B,Raine, R,Edvardsen, B,Lewis, J,Elliott, C,Pazos, Y,Maranda, L (2013) 'MIDTAL (Microarrays for the Detection of Toxic Algae)'. Phytotaxa, 127 :201-210 [Details]
(2012) 'Scales characterising a high density thin layer of Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg and its transport within a coastal jet'
Farrell, H,Gentien, P,Fernand, L,Lunven, M,Reguera, B,Gonzalez-Gil, S,Raine, R (2012) 'Scales characterising a high density thin layer of Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg and its transport within a coastal jet'. Harmful Algae, 15 :36-46 [DOI] [Details]
(2012) 'An evaluation of the applicability of microarrays for monitoring toxic algae in Irish coastal waters'
McCoy, G., Touzet, N., Fleming, G.T. and R. Raine (2012) 'An evaluation of the applicability of microarrays for monitoring toxic algae in Irish coastal waters'. Environmental Science And Pollution Research, [DOI] [Details]
(2011) 'Seasonality in the excystment of Alexandrium minutum and Alexandrium tamarense in Irish Coastal waters'
Ní Rathaille, A., Raine, R. (2011) 'Seasonality in the excystment of Alexandrium minutum and Alexandrium tamarense in Irish Coastal waters'. Harmful Algae, 10 :629-635 [Details]
(2011) 'Summer dynamics of Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae) and spirolide toxins in Cork Harbour, Ireland'
Touzet, N., Lacaze, J.P., Maher, M. Turrel, E. and R. Raine (2011) 'Summer dynamics of Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae) and spirolide toxins in Cork Harbour, Ireland'. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 425 :21-33 [Details]
(2010) 'Co-Occurrence of the West European (Gr.III) and North American (Gr.I) Ribotypes of Alexandrium tamarense (Dinophyceae) in Shetland, Scotland'
Touzet, N,Davidson, K,Pete, R,Flanagan, K,Mccoy, GR,Amzil, Z,Maher, M,Chapelle, A,Raine, R (2010) 'Co-Occurrence of the West European (Gr.III) and North American (Gr.I) Ribotypes of Alexandrium tamarense (Dinophyceae) in Shetland, Scotland'. Protist, 161 :370-384 [DOI] [Details]
(2010) 'Dynamics of co-occurring Alexandrium minutum (Global Clade) and A. tamarense (West European) (Dinophyceae) during a summer bloom in Cork Harbour, Ireland (2006)'
Touzet, N,Farrell, H,Rathaille, AN,Rodriguez, P,Alfonso, A,Botana, LM,Raine, R (2010) 'Dynamics of co-occurring Alexandrium minutum (Global Clade) and A. tamarense (West European) (Dinophyceae) during a summer bloom in Cork Harbour, Ireland (2006)'. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies In Oceanography, 57 :268-278 [DOI] [Details]
(2009) 'Evaluation of taxa-specific real-time PCR, whole-cell FISH and morphotaxonomy analyses for the detection and quantification of the toxic microalgae Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae), Global Clade ribotype'
Touzet, N,Keady, E,Raine, R,Maher, M (2009) 'Evaluation of taxa-specific real-time PCR, whole-cell FISH and morphotaxonomy analyses for the detection and quantification of the toxic microalgae Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae), Global Clade ribotype'. Fems Microbiology Ecology, 67 :329-341 [DOI] [Details]
(2008) 'PSP toxin analysis and discrimination of the naturally co-occurring Alexandrium tamarense and A-minutum (Dinophyceae) in Cork Harbour, Ireland'
Touzet, N,Franco, JM,Raine, R (2008) 'PSP toxin analysis and discrimination of the naturally co-occurring Alexandrium tamarense and A-minutum (Dinophyceae) in Cork Harbour, Ireland'. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 51 :285-299 [DOI] [Details]
(2007) 'Discrimination of Alexandrium andersoni and A-minutum (Dinophyceae) using LSU rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes and fluorescent whole-cell hybridization'
Touzet, N,Raine, R (2007) 'Discrimination of Alexandrium andersoni and A-minutum (Dinophyceae) using LSU rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes and fluorescent whole-cell hybridization'. Phycologia, 46 :168-177 [DOI] [Details]
(2007) 'Characterization of nontoxic and toxin-producing strains of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) in Irish coastal waters'
Touzet, N,Franco, JM,Raine, R (2007) 'Characterization of nontoxic and toxin-producing strains of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) in Irish coastal waters'. Applied And Environmental Microbiology, 73 :3333-3342 [DOI] [Details]
(2007) 'Influence of inorganic nutrition on growth and PSP toxin production of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from Cork Harbour, Ireland'
Touzet, N,Franco, JM,Raine, R (2007) 'Influence of inorganic nutrition on growth and PSP toxin production of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from Cork Harbour, Ireland'. Toxicon, 50 :106-119 [DOI] [Details]
(2006) 'The use of fuzzy logic for data analysis and modelling of European harmful algal blooms: results of the HABES project'
Blauw, AN,Anderson, P,Estrada, M,Johansen, M,Laanemets, J,Peperzak, L,Purdie, D,Raine, R,Vahtera, E (2006) 'The use of fuzzy logic for data analysis and modelling of European harmful algal blooms: results of the HABES project'. African Journal Of Marine Science, 28 :365-369 [Details]
(2006) 'The Irish coastal current: A seasonal jet-like circulation'
Fernand, L,Nolan, GD,Raine, R,Chambers, CE,Dye, SR,White, M,Brown, J (2006) 'The Irish coastal current: A seasonal jet-like circulation'. Continental Shelf Research, 26 :1775-1793 [DOI] [Details]
(2004) 'The influence of water body characteristics on phytoplankton diversity and production in the Celtic Sea'
Pemberton, K,Rees, AP,Miller, PI,Raine, R,Joint, I (2004) 'The influence of water body characteristics on phytoplankton diversity and production in the Celtic Sea'. Continental Shelf Research, 24 :2011-2028 [DOI] [Details]
(2002) 'Confirmation of domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia australis (Bacillariophyceae) isolated from Irish waters'
Cusack, CK,Bates, SS,Quilliam, MA,Patching, JW,Raine, R (2002) 'Confirmation of domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia australis (Bacillariophyceae) isolated from Irish waters'. Journal Of Phycology, 38 :1106-1112 [Details]
(2002) 'Two models for absorption by coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM)'
Schwarz, JN,Kowalczuk, P,Kaczmarek, S,Cota, GF,Mitchell, BG,Kahru, M,Chavez, FP,Cunningham, A,McKee, D,Gege, P,Kishino, T,Phinney, DA,Raine, R (2002) 'Two models for absorption by coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM)'. Oceanologia, 44 :209-241 [Details]
(2002) 'The Summer distribution of net plankton dinoflagellates in relation to water movements in the NE Atlantic, West of Ireland'
Raine, R., M. White and J.D. Dodge (2002) 'The Summer distribution of net plankton dinoflagellates in relation to water movements in the NE Atlantic, West of Ireland'. Journal of Plankton Research, 24 :1131-1147 [Details]
(2001) 'Pigment signatures reveal temporal and regional differences in taxonomic phytoplankton composition off the west coast of Ireland'
Ediger, D,Raine, R,Weeks, AR,Robinson, IS,Sagan, S (2001) 'Pigment signatures reveal temporal and regional differences in taxonomic phytoplankton composition off the west coast of Ireland'. Journal Of Plankton Research, 23 :893-902 [Details]
(2001) 'A satellite and field portrait of a Karenia mikimotoi Hulbert bloom off the south coast of Ireland, August 1998'
Raine, R., S. O'Boyle, T. O'Higgins, M. White, J. Patching, Bronwyn Cahill and T. McMahon (2001) 'A satellite and field portrait of a Karenia mikimotoi Hulbert bloom off the south coast of Ireland, August 1998'. Hydrobiologia, 465 :187-193 [Details]
(1999) 'Import, mortality and accumulation of coastal phytoplankton in a partially mixed estuary (Kinsale harbour, Ireland)'
Muylaert, K,Raine, R (1999) 'Import, mortality and accumulation of coastal phytoplankton in a partially mixed estuary (Kinsale harbour, Ireland)'. Hydrobiologia, 412 :53-65 [Details]
(1999) 'Import, mortality and accumulation of coastal phytoplankton in a partially mixed estuary (Kinsale harbour, Ireland)'
Muylaert, K,Raine, R (1999) 'Import, mortality and accumulation of coastal phytoplankton in a partially mixed estuary (Kinsale harbour, Ireland)'. Hydrobiologia, 412 :53-65 [Details]
(1998) 'Plankton distributions in relation to physical oceanographic features on the southern Malin Shelf, August 1996'
Gowen, RJ,Raine, R,Dickey-Collas, M,White, M (1998) 'Plankton distributions in relation to physical oceanographic features on the southern Malin Shelf, August 1996'. Ices Journal Of Marine Science, 55 :1095-1111 [Details]
(1997) 'Phytoplankton and particulate matter in Carlingford lough, Ireland: An assessment of food availability and the impact of bivalve culture'
Ball, B,Raine, R,Douglas, D (1997) 'Phytoplankton and particulate matter in Carlingford lough, Ireland: An assessment of food availability and the impact of bivalve culture'. Estuaries, 20 :430-440 [Details]
(1996) 'Transient coastal upwelling and water circulation in Bantry Bay, a ria on the south-west coast of Ireland'
Edwards, A,Jones, K,Graham, JM,Griffiths, CR,MacDougall, N,Patching, J,Richard, JM,Raine, R (1996) 'Transient coastal upwelling and water circulation in Bantry Bay, a ria on the south-west coast of Ireland'. Estuarine Coastal And Shelf Science, 42 :213-230 [Details]
(1996) 'Control of coastal phytoplankton blooms by shelf frontal dynamics. Annales. Geophysicae'
Raine, R., M. White & J. Patching (1996) 'Control of coastal phytoplankton blooms by shelf frontal dynamics. Annales. Geophysicae'. Annales Geophysicae, 14 (Suppl II) [Details]
(1995) 'Material supply to the European continental slope: a budget based on benthic oxygen demand and organic supply'
Lampitt, R.S., Raine, R., Billett, D.S.M. and A.L. Rice (1995) 'Material supply to the European continental slope: a budget based on benthic oxygen demand and organic supply'. Deep Sea Research, 42 :1865-1880 [Details]
(1995) 'SOME OCEANOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF NORTHEASTERN ATLANTIC WATERS WEST OF IRELAND'
MCMAHON, T,RAINE, R,TITOV, O,BOYCHUK, S (1995) 'SOME OCEANOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF NORTHEASTERN ATLANTIC WATERS WEST OF IRELAND'. Ices Journal Of Marine Science, 52 :221-232 [Details]
(1994) 'PHYTOPLANKTON BLOOMS AND A COASTAL THERMOCLINE BOUNDARY ALONG THE WEST-COAST OF IRELAND'
RODEN, CM,RAINE, R (1994) 'PHYTOPLANKTON BLOOMS AND A COASTAL THERMOCLINE BOUNDARY ALONG THE WEST-COAST OF IRELAND'. Estuarine Coastal And Shelf Science, 39 :511-526 [Details]
(1994) 'USE OF INTRACELLULAR AMINO-ACID-ANALYSIS AS AN INDICATOR OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL STATUS OF NATURAL DINOFLAGELLATE POPULATIONS'
FLYNN, KJ,JONES, KJ,RAINE, R,RICHARD, J,FLYNN, K (1994) 'USE OF INTRACELLULAR AMINO-ACID-ANALYSIS AS AN INDICATOR OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL STATUS OF NATURAL DINOFLAGELLATE POPULATIONS'. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 103 :175-186 [Details]
(1993) 'The development of an exceptional bloom of the dinoflagellate Gyrodinium aureolum on the southwest Irish coast'
Raine, R., Joyce, B., Richard, J., Pazos, Y., Moloney, M., Jones, K. and J.W. Patching (1993) 'The development of an exceptional bloom of the dinoflagellate Gyrodinium aureolum on the southwest Irish coast'. Ices Journal Of Marine Science, 50 :461-469 [Details]
(1992) 'Phytoplankton biomass, light and mixing in the Shannon Estuary'
McMahon, T.G., Raine, R., Fast, T., Kies, L. and J.W. Patching (1992) 'Phytoplankton biomass, light and mixing in the Shannon Estuary'. Journal Of The Marine Biological Association Of The United Kingdom, 72 :709-720 [Details]
(1986) 'Abyssal benthic oxygen consumption in the Northeastern Atlantic : in situ measurements using the suspended core technique'
Patching, J.W., Raine, R., Barnett, P.R.O., and J. Watson. (1986) 'Abyssal benthic oxygen consumption in the Northeastern Atlantic : in situ measurements using the suspended core technique'. Oceanologica Acta, 9 :1-7 [Details]
(1986) 'ENERGY-FLOW THROUGH AN AMPHIURA-FILIFORMIS (OPHIUROIDEA, ECHINODERMATA) POPULATION IN GALWAY BAY, WEST-COAST OF IRELAND - A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION'
OCONNOR, B,BOWMER, T,MCGRATH, D,RAINE, R (1986) 'ENERGY-FLOW THROUGH AN AMPHIURA-FILIFORMIS (OPHIUROIDEA, ECHINODERMATA) POPULATION IN GALWAY BAY, WEST-COAST OF IRELAND - A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION'. Ophelia, 26 :351-357 [Details]
(1986) 'An investigation into the causes of small scale variation in sediment oxygen consumption in the Rockall Trough'
Patching, J.W., Raine, R. and P.R.O. Barnett (1986) 'An investigation into the causes of small scale variation in sediment oxygen consumption in the Rockall Trough'. Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of Edinburgh Section B-Biological Sciences, 88 :281-290 [Details]
(1980) 'Aspects of carbon and nitrogen cycling in a shallow marine environment'
Raine, R., Patching, J.W. (1980) 'Aspects of carbon and nitrogen cycling in a shallow marine environment'. Journal Of Experimental Marine Biology And Ecology, 47 :127-139 [Details]
(1979) 'Agreement between the 14C and oxygen methods of measuring primary production: re-assessment of the photosynthetic quotient'
Williams, P.J.leB., Raine, R. and J.R. Bryan (1979) 'Agreement between the 14C and oxygen methods of measuring primary production: re-assessment of the photosynthetic quotient'. Oceanologica Acta, 2 :411-416 [Details]
(1983) 'THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN SUPPLY ON THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC QUOTIENT OF NATURAL PHYTOPLANKTON ASSEMBLAGES'
RAINE, RCT (1983) 'THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN SUPPLY ON THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC QUOTIENT OF NATURAL PHYTOPLANKTON ASSEMBLAGES'. Botanica Marina, 26 :417-423 [Details]
(1990) 'HYDROGRAPHY AND PHYTOPLANKTON OF WATERS OFF SOUTH-WEST IRELAND'
RAINE, R,OMAHONY, J,MCMAHON, T,RODEN, C (1990) 'HYDROGRAPHY AND PHYTOPLANKTON OF WATERS OFF SOUTH-WEST IRELAND'. Estuarine Coastal And Shelf Science, 30 :579-592 [Details]
(1990) 'TOXICITY OF NUVAN AND DICHLOROVOS TOWARDS MARINE-PHYTOPLANKTON'
RAINE, RCT,COONEY, JJ,COUGHLAN, MF,PATCHING, JW (1990) 'TOXICITY OF NUVAN AND DICHLOROVOS TOWARDS MARINE-PHYTOPLANKTON'. Botanica Marina, 33 :533-537 [Details]
(1998) 'Physical dynamics on the continental shelf off southwestern Ireland and their influence on coastal phytoplankton blooms'
Raine, R,McMahon, T (1998) 'Physical dynamics on the continental shelf off southwestern Ireland and their influence on coastal phytoplankton blooms'. Continental Shelf Research, 18 [Details]
(2001) 'Pigment signatures of phytoplankton communities in Irish Shelf seas'
Ediger, D., Raine, R., Weeks, A.R., Robinson, I.S. and Sagan, S (2001) 'Pigment signatures of phytoplankton communities in Irish Shelf seas'. Journal Of Plankton Research, 23 :893-902 [Details]
(2002) 'The summer distribution of net plankton dinoflagellates and their relation to water movements in the NE Atlantic Ocean, west of Ireland'
Raine, R,White, M,Dodge, JD (2002) 'The summer distribution of net plankton dinoflagellates and their relation to water movements in the NE Atlantic Ocean, west of Ireland'. Journal Of Plankton Research, 24 :1131-1147 [Details]
(2004) 'Species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia Peragello in Irish waters'
Cusack, C., Patching, J.W. and Raine, R (2004) 'Species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia Peragello in Irish waters'. Biology And Environment-Proceedings Of The Royal Irish Academy, 104 :55-74 [Details]
(2005) 'Harmful algal blooms in stratified environments'
Gentien, P., Donaghay, P., Yamazaki, H., Raine, R., Reguera, B. and T. Osborn (2005) 'Harmful algal blooms in stratified environments'. Oceanography, 18 (2):172-183 [Details]
(2007) 'Characterisation of non-toxic and toxin producing populations of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) in Irish coastal waters'
Touzet, N., Franco, J.M. and R. Raine. (2007) 'Characterisation of non-toxic and toxin producing populations of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) in Irish coastal waters'. Applied And Environmental Microbiology, 73 :3333-3342 [Details]
(2007) 'Influence of inorganic nutrition on growth and PSP toxin production of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from Cork Harbour, Ireland'
Touzet, N., Franco, J.M. and R. Raine (2007) 'Influence of inorganic nutrition on growth and PSP toxin production of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from Cork Harbour, Ireland'. Toxicon, 50 :106-119 [Details]
(2007) 'Discrimination of Alexandrium andersoni and A. minutum (Dinophyceae) using LSU rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes and fluorescent whole cell hybridization'
Touzet, N. and R. Raine (2007) 'Discrimination of Alexandrium andersoni and A. minutum (Dinophyceae) using LSU rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes and fluorescent whole cell hybridization'. Phycologia, 46 :168-177 [Details]
(2007) 'The influence of local and regional oceanographic processes on phytoplankton distribution in continental shelf waters off northwestern Ireland'
O'Boyle, S. and R. Raine (2007) 'The influence of local and regional oceanographic processes on phytoplankton distribution in continental shelf waters off northwestern Ireland'. Biology And Environment (Proc R Ir Acad, Ser B), 107 :95-109 [Details]
(2008) 'Morphogenetic diversity and biotoxin composition of Alexandrium in Irish waters'
Touzet, N., Franco, J.M. and R. Raine. (2008) 'Morphogenetic diversity and biotoxin composition of Alexandrium in Irish waters'. Harmful Algae, 7 :782-797 [Details]
(2008) 'Thin layers of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. and the fate of Dinophysis acuminata during an upwelling–downwelling cycle in a Galician Ria'
Velo-Suarez, L., Gonzalez-Gil, S., Gentien, P., Lunven, M., Bechemin, C., Fernand, L., Raine, R., and B. Reguera. (2008) 'Thin layers of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. and the fate of Dinophysis acuminata during an upwelling–downwelling cycle in a Galician Ria'. Limnology And Oceanography, 53 (5):1816-1834 [Details]
(2008) 'Thermohaline circulation of shallow tidal seas'
Hill, A.E., Brown, J., Fernand, L., Holt, J.T., Horsburgh, K.J. Proctor, R., Raine, R. and W.R. Turrell. (2008) 'Thermohaline circulation of shallow tidal seas'. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (11) [DOI] [Details]
(2008) 'Ocean urea fertilisation for carbon credits poses high ecological risks'
Glibert, P.M., Raine, R. and 55 others (2008) 'Ocean urea fertilisation for carbon credits poses high ecological risks'. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56 :1049-1056 [Details]
(2010) 'Dynamics of co-occurring Alexandrium minutum (Global Clade) and A. tamarense (West European) (Dinophyceae) during a summer bloom in Cork Harbour, Ireland (2006)'
Touzet, N., H. Farrell, H., Ní Rathaille, A., Rodriguez, P. Alfonso, A. Botana, L.M. and R. Raine (2010) 'Dynamics of co-occurring Alexandrium minutum (Global Clade) and A. tamarense (West European) (Dinophyceae) during a summer bloom in Cork Harbour, Ireland (2006)'. Deep Sea Research, 57 :268-278 [Details]
(2010) 'A simple short range model for the prediction of harmful algal events in the bays of southwestern Ireland'
Raine, R,McDermott, G,Silke, J,Lyons, K,Nolan, G,Cusack, C (2010) 'A simple short range model for the prediction of harmful algal events in the bays of southwestern Ireland'. Journal Of Marine Systems, 83 :150-157 [DOI] [Details]
(2012) 'Harmful Dinophysis species: a review'
Reguera, B., Velo-Suarez, L., Raine, R. and M.G. Park (2012) 'Harmful Dinophysis species: a review'. Harmful Algae, 14 :87-106 [Details]

Books

  Year Publication
(2013) Comparison of Assay Techniques for the Analysis of Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning Toxins in Shellfish.
Raine, R., Wilson, A.M., Hermann, G. and Lacaze, J.P. (2013) Comparison of Assay Techniques for the Analysis of Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning Toxins in Shellfish. New York: Springer. [DOI] [Details]
(2006) The Dinoflagellate Genus Ceratium in Irish Shelf Seas.
Georgina McDermott and Robin Raine (2006) The Dinoflagellate Genus Ceratium in Irish Shelf Seas. Galway, Ireland: Martin Ryan Institute. [Details]

Book Chapters

  Year Publication
(1983) 'Benthic metabolism and the supply of organic material to the sea bed'
Patching, J.W. and R. Raine. (1983) 'Benthic metabolism and the supply of organic material to the sea bed' In: Experimental Biology at Sea. London: Academic Press. [Details]
(2002) 'Nutrient Fluxes in Estuaries'
Raine, R., Joyce, B., Bentley, T., Patching, J.W. and P.J. leB Williams. (2002) 'Nutrient Fluxes in Estuaries' In: Achievement and Challenge. Dublin: Unoversity College Dublin. [Details]
(2010) 'The settlement bottle method for quantitative phytoplankton analysis'
McDermott, G. and R. Raine (2010) 'The settlement bottle method for quantitative phytoplankton analysis' In: Microscopic and Molecular Methods for Quantitative Phytoplankton Analysis. Paris: UNESCO. [Details]

Conference Publications

  Year Publication
(2006) Inter- and intra-specific variability in morphogenetics and toxin composition of Alexandrium spp. in Irish coastal waters
Touzet, N,Franco, JM,Raine, R (2006) AFRICAN JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE Inter- and intra-specific variability in morphogenetics and toxin composition of Alexandrium spp. in Irish coastal waters , pp.181-184 [Details]
(1993) THE DEVELOPMENT OF A BLOOM OF THE DINOFLAGELLATE [GYRODINIUM-AUREOLUM (HULBERT)] ON THE SOUTH-WEST IRISH COAST
RAINE, R,JOYCE, B,RICHARD, J,PAZOS, Y,MOLONEY, M,JONES, KJ,PATCHING, JW (1993) ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF A BLOOM OF THE DINOFLAGELLATE [GYRODINIUM-AUREOLUM (HULBERT)] ON THE SOUTH-WEST IRISH COAST , pp.461-469 [Details]
(1993) ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE
RAINE, R et al. (1993) THE DEVELOPMENT OF A BLOOM OF THE DINOFLAGELLATE [GYRODINIUM-AUREOLUM (HULBERT)] ON THE SOUTH-WEST IRISH COAST ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE , pp.461-469 [Details]

Conference Poster

  Year Publication
(2003) AlgaeBase (www.algaebase.org): more than just seaweed!. Environ2003, 13th Irish environmental Researchers Colloquium.
Nic Dhonncha E., Rindi F., Raine R., Guiry M.D. (2003) AlgaeBase (www.algaebase.org): more than just seaweed!. Environ2003, 13th Irish environmental Researchers Colloquium. National University of Ireland, Galway Ireland: Conference Poster [Details]

Editorial

  Year Publication
(2014) Harmful algal blooms in stratified systems Preface.
Raine, R,Berdalet, E,McManus, M,Yamazaki, H (2014) Harmful algal blooms in stratified systems Preface. Editorial [DOI] [Details]
(2008) Ocean urea fertilization for carbon credits poses high ecological risks.
Glibert, PM,Azanza, R,Burford, M,Furuya, K,Abal, E,Al-Azri, A,Al-Yamani, F,Andersen, P,Anderson, DM,Beardall, J,Berg, GM,Brand, L,Bronk, D,Brookes, J,Burkholder, JM,Cembella, A,Cochlan, WP,Collier, JL,Collos, Y,Diaz, R,Doblin, M,Drennen, T,Dyhrman, S,Fukuyo, Y,Furnas, M,Galloway, J,Graneli, E,Ha, DV,Hallegraeff, G,Harrison, J,Harrison, PJ,Heil, CA,Heimann, K,Howarth, R,Jauzein, C,Kana, AA,Kana, TM,Kim, H,Kudela, R,Legrand, C,Mallin, M,Mulholland, M,Murray, S,O'Neil, J,Pitcher, G,Qi, YZ,Rabalais, N,Raine, R,Seitzinger, S,Salomon, PS,Solomon, C,Stoecker, DK,Usup, G,Wilson, J,Yin, KD,Zhou, MJ,Zhu, MY (2008) Ocean urea fertilization for carbon credits poses high ecological risks. Editorial [DOI] [Details]

Reviews

  Year Publication
(2013) Megacities and Large Urban Agglomerations in the Coastal Zone: Interactions Between Atmosphere, Land, and Marine Ecosystems.
von Glasow, R,Jickells, TD,Baklanov, A,Carmichael, GR,Church, TM,Gallardo, L,Hughes, C,Kanakidou, M,Liss, PS,Mee, L,Raine, R,Ramachandran, P,Ramesh, R,Sundseth, K,Tsunogai, U,Uematsu, M,Zhu, T (2013) Megacities and Large Urban Agglomerations in the Coastal Zone: Interactions Between Atmosphere, Land, and Marine Ecosystems. Reviews [DOI] [Details]
(2012) Harmful Dinophysis species: A review.
Reguera, B,Velo-Suarez, L,Raine, R,Park, MG (2012) Harmful Dinophysis species: A review. Reviews [DOI] [Details]